Local Emergency Planning Committee
Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) continues to strengthen security at the Nation’s high-risk chemi-cal facilities through the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) program.
CFATS Has Made our Nation and Communities More Secure
The CFATS program identifies and regulates high-risk chemical facilities to en-sure they have security measures in place to reduce the risks associated with these chemicals. Many regulated facilities are part of the chemical sector – which employs nearly one million people and earns revenues between $600 billion and $700 billion per year. Other types of facilities with high-risk chemicals include universities, oil and natural gas operators, and hospitals. The majority of facilities with high-risk chemicals are privately owned, requiring DHS to work closely with the private sector and industry to assess risks, imple-ment protective programs, and measure effectiveness.
Security at High-Risk Facilities Must Meet Risk-Based Performance Standards
The CFATS regulatory program uses a dynamic multi-tiered risk assessment pro-cess to identify and regulate high-risk chemical facilities by requiring them to meet and maintain performance-based security standards appropriate to the fa-cilities and the risks they pose. DHS chemical security inspectors work in all 50 states to help ensure facilities have security measures in place to meet CFATS requirements.
DHS Conducts Extensive Outreach and Education with Chemical Facilities
The program helps educate facility owners and operators on the risks of the chemicals they possess and appropriate security measures to reduce those risks. CFATS has encouraged many facilities to voluntarily eliminate, reduce, or modi-fy their holdings of certain chemicals of interest in order to reduce the number of high-risk facilities.
Regulating the Highest-Risk Chemical Facilities
CFATS is the first DHS regulatory program focused specifically on security at high-risk chemical facilities. Federal law authorizes DHS to regulate security at chemical facilities that it deter-mines are high-risk. DHS determines a facility’s initial risk profile by requiring facilities in possession of specific quantities of specific chemicals of interest to complete a preliminary risk assessment, known as a Top-Screen.
Facilities initially determined by DHS to be high-risk must complete and submit a Security Vulnerability Assess-ment. If DHS makes a final determination that a facility is high-risk, the facility must submit a Site Security Plan for DHS approval or an Alternative Security Program that includes security measures to meet applicable risk-based performance standards established by DHS.
Improving the Nation’s Chemical Security Program Statistics as of April 2, 2015
More than 49,000 preliminary assessments were reviewed by DHS from facilities with chemicals of interest
3,378 facilities are currently covered by CFATS
More than 3,000 facilities voluntarily removed, reduced, or modified their holdings of chemicals of interest 1,844 visits to assist facilities with compliance
2,918 Security Plans authorized
2,163 Authorization Inspections conducted 1,685 Security Plans approved following an on-site inspection
Contact For more information, visit www.dhs.gov/chemicalsecurity or call 1-866-323-2957.
information available about their risk management activities to local emergency responders, federal and state officials, and the public. It’s called the Risk Management Program (RMP) rule and approximately 140 facilities in the Niagara County area will have to prepare documents that describe their risk management efforts by June, 1999.
The RMP rule is intended to prevent chemical releases, improve plant safety, and protect the public by collecting information to encourage community discussions in four areas:
- The potential effects of chemical releases
- A five-year history of the facility’s accidental chemical releases
- The facility’s program for preventing accidents
- The facility’s program for responding in an emergency
The project team of about 30 representatives is composed of government, industry, and community participants who serve on technical and communications committees. The technical committee is charged with assisting the companies in gathering hazard, prevention, and emergency response information. The communication committee is developing ways to effectively communicate this information to employees and local citizens.
- Eliminate or reduce hazards
- Prevent occurrences of incidents
- Minimize or contain impact of incidents
- Prepare the public and employees for possible incidents
- Respond promptly and professionally to emergencies
- Serve as a resource to other emergency agencies.
- Specially designed vehicles and rail cars for transportation and storage of bulk chemicals
- Lighting at night to provide for employee safety during operation and maintenance
- Messages over loud speakers describing plant activities
- Bells or sirens signaling an incident or a drill.
- Emergency response agencies operating at a plant for the purpose of familiarization or for training exercises.
- Trucks transporting products through residential streets
- Noise abatement
- Notification methods of the community during an incident
- Effects of weather (e.g., high winds, tornadoes, snow storms, etc.) on plant operations
- Potential incidents involving trucks, rail cars, or pipelines
- Nuisance odor complaints
- Emergency response training and preparation
- Plant inspection, testing, and maintenance
- Plant design safety
- Plant operations safety
- Accident prevention
- Risk reduction
- Community dialogue
- Community Alert Network
materials in the mail or through other means of communication. You could be attending meetings where plant personnel, members of the LEPC, and interested citizens will talk to you about the project and solicit your input.
This effort will help Niagara County residents better understand their industrial neighbors, and it will help the local companies better understand community concerns. By working together, accident prevention and emergency planning will also be improved.
What is Tier II Reporting?
Tier II is an annual federal report that is mandatory for companies that store hazardous materials. After a series of hazardous waste releases that caused human and environmental harm, there was a great need for reporting on hazardous materials that are housed within industrial facilities. This led to Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) being passed in 1986. The EPCRA group of regulations includes:
- Emergency planning (Sections 301-303).
- Emergency release notification (Section 304).
- Hazardous Chemical Storage Reporting Requirements (Sections 311-312).
- Toxic Chemical Release Inventory (Section 313).
- Tier II (SARA 312).
Tier II (SARA 312) is under section 312 of EPCRA and it is a mandatory report of hazardous and toxic substances that are housed at your facility at any given point during the reporting year. Facilities are required to report Tier II substances and Extremely Hazardous Substances (EHS) that are equal to or greater than the defined Tier II reporting thresholds. These substances must maintain an SDS under OSHA’s hazard communication standard.
Who Should File a Tier II Report?
Facilities that store hazardous chemicals must report their inventory in the Tier II report. Let us break down the reporting requirements.
You must submit a report if:
- A facility has greater than or equal to 10000 pounds of any hazardous chemical by OSHA criteria, then it should be reported in the Tier II report.
- A facility at any given time during the reporting year stored material on the EPA Extremely Hazardous Substance list to the materials’ defined Threshold planning Quantity (TPQ). The EPA has a comprehensive EHS list that shows all the chemicals that should be reported.
- You have reached the threshold for gasoline storage which is 75000 gallons and 100000 gallons for diesel fuel at a retail gas station. This threshold applies if there was entire underground storage and full compliance with the Underground Storage Tank (UST) requirements.
- Your Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC) needs, you to submit an SDS for Hazardous chemical if your LEPC and State Emergency Response Commission (SERC) or fire department asks you to submit Tier II then the threshold level for reporting is zero.